Source code for silx.gui.plot.items.axis

# coding: utf-8
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"""This module provides the class for axes of the :class:`PlotWidget`.
"""

__authors__ = ["V. Valls"]
__license__ = "MIT"
__date__ = "22/11/2018"

import datetime as dt
import enum
import logging

import dateutil.tz
import numpy

from ... import qt
from .. import _utils


_logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


class TickMode(enum.Enum):
    """Determines if ticks are regular number or datetimes."""
    DEFAULT = 0       # Ticks are regular numbers
    TIME_SERIES = 1   # Ticks are datetime objects


[docs]class Axis(qt.QObject): """This class describes and controls a plot axis. Note: This is an abstract class. """ # States are half-stored on the backend of the plot, and half-stored on this # object. # TODO It would be good to store all the states of an axis in this object. # i.e. vmin and vmax LINEAR = "linear" """Constant defining a linear scale""" LOGARITHMIC = "log" """Constant defining a logarithmic scale""" _SCALES = set([LINEAR, LOGARITHMIC]) sigInvertedChanged = qt.Signal(bool) """Signal emitted when axis orientation has changed""" sigScaleChanged = qt.Signal(str) """Signal emitted when axis scale has changed""" _sigLogarithmicChanged = qt.Signal(bool) """Signal emitted when axis scale has changed to or from logarithmic""" sigAutoScaleChanged = qt.Signal(bool) """Signal emitted when axis autoscale has changed""" sigLimitsChanged = qt.Signal(float, float) """Signal emitted when axis limits have changed""" def __init__(self, plot): """Constructor :param silx.gui.plot.PlotWidget.PlotWidget plot: Parent plot of this axis """ qt.QObject.__init__(self, parent=plot) self._scale = self.LINEAR self._isAutoScale = True # Store default labels provided to setGraph[X|Y]Label self._defaultLabel = '' # Store currently displayed labels # Current label can differ from input one with active curve handling self._currentLabel = '' def _getPlot(self): """Returns the PlotWidget this Axis belongs to. :rtype: PlotWidget """ plot = self.parent() if plot is None: raise RuntimeError("Axis no longer attached to a PlotWidget") return plot def _getBackend(self): """Returns the backend :rtype: BackendBase """ return self._getPlot()._backend
[docs] def getLimits(self): """Get the limits of this axis. :return: Minimum and maximum values of this axis as tuple """ return self._internalGetLimits()
[docs] def setLimits(self, vmin, vmax): """Set this axis limits. :param float vmin: minimum axis value :param float vmax: maximum axis value """ vmin, vmax = self._checkLimits(vmin, vmax) if self.getLimits() == (vmin, vmax): return self._internalSetLimits(vmin, vmax) self._getPlot()._setDirtyPlot() self._emitLimitsChanged()
def _emitLimitsChanged(self): """Emit axis sigLimitsChanged and PlotWidget limitsChanged event""" vmin, vmax = self.getLimits() self.sigLimitsChanged.emit(vmin, vmax) self._getPlot()._notifyLimitsChanged(emitSignal=False) def _checkLimits(self, vmin, vmax): """Makes sure axis range is not empty and within supported range. :param float vmin: Min axis value :param float vmax: Max axis value :return: (min, max) making sure min < max :rtype: 2-tuple of float """ return _utils.checkAxisLimits( vmin, vmax, isLog=self._isLogarithmic(), name=self._defaultLabel)
[docs] def isInverted(self): """Return True if the axis is inverted (top to bottom for the y-axis), False otherwise. It is always False for the X axis. :rtype: bool """ return False
[docs] def setInverted(self, isInverted): """Set the axis orientation. This is only available for the Y axis. :param bool flag: True for Y axis going from top to bottom, False for Y axis going from bottom to top """ if isInverted == self.isInverted(): return raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def getLabel(self): """Return the current displayed label of this axis. :param str axis: The Y axis for which to get the label (left or right) :rtype: str """ return self._currentLabel
[docs] def setLabel(self, label): """Set the label displayed on the plot for this axis. The provided label can be temporarily replaced by the label of the active curve if any. :param str label: The axis label """ self._defaultLabel = label self._setCurrentLabel(label) self._getPlot()._setDirtyPlot()
def _setCurrentLabel(self, label): """Define the label currently displayed. If the label is None or empty the default label is used. :param str label: Currently displayed label """ if label is None or label == '': label = self._defaultLabel if label is None: label = '' self._currentLabel = label self._internalSetCurrentLabel(label)
[docs] def getScale(self): """Return the name of the scale used by this axis. :rtype: str """ return self._scale
[docs] def setScale(self, scale): """Set the scale to be used by this axis. :param str scale: Name of the scale ("log", or "linear") """ assert(scale in self._SCALES) if self._scale == scale: return # For the backward compatibility signal emitLog = self._scale == self.LOGARITHMIC or scale == self.LOGARITHMIC self._scale = scale # TODO hackish way of forcing update of curves and images plot = self._getPlot() for item in plot.getItems(): item._updated() plot._invalidateDataRange() if scale == self.LOGARITHMIC: self._internalSetLogarithmic(True) elif scale == self.LINEAR: self._internalSetLogarithmic(False) else: raise ValueError("Scale %s unsupported" % scale) plot._forceResetZoom() self.sigScaleChanged.emit(self._scale) if emitLog: self._sigLogarithmicChanged.emit(self._scale == self.LOGARITHMIC)
def _isLogarithmic(self): """Return True if this axis scale is logarithmic, False if linear. :rtype: bool """ return self._scale == self.LOGARITHMIC def _setLogarithmic(self, flag): """Set the scale of this axes (either linear or logarithmic). :param bool flag: True to use a logarithmic scale, False for linear. """ flag = bool(flag) self.setScale(self.LOGARITHMIC if flag else self.LINEAR)
[docs] def getTimeZone(self): """Sets tzinfo that is used if this axis plots date times. None means the datetimes are interpreted as local time. :rtype: datetime.tzinfo of None. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def setTimeZone(self, tz): """Sets tzinfo that is used if this axis' tickMode is TIME_SERIES The tz must be a descendant of the datetime.tzinfo class, "UTC" or None. Use None to let the datetimes be interpreted as local time. Use the string "UTC" to let the date datetimes be in UTC time. :param tz: datetime.tzinfo, "UTC" or None. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def getTickMode(self): """Determines if axis ticks are number or datetimes. :rtype: TickMode enum. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def setTickMode(self, tickMode): """Determines if axis ticks are number or datetimes. :param TickMode tickMode: tick mode enum. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def isAutoScale(self): """Return True if axis is automatically adjusting its limits. :rtype: bool """ return self._isAutoScale
[docs] def setAutoScale(self, flag=True): """Set the axis limits adjusting behavior of :meth:`resetZoom`. :param bool flag: True to resize limits automatically, False to disable it. """ self._isAutoScale = bool(flag) self.sigAutoScaleChanged.emit(self._isAutoScale)
def _setLimitsConstraints(self, minPos=None, maxPos=None): raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def setLimitsConstraints(self, minPos=None, maxPos=None): """ Set a constraint on the position of the axes. :param float minPos: Minimum allowed axis value. :param float maxPos: Maximum allowed axis value. :return: True if the constaints was updated :rtype: bool """ updated = self._setLimitsConstraints(minPos, maxPos) if updated: plot = self._getPlot() xMin, xMax = plot.getXAxis().getLimits() yMin, yMax = plot.getYAxis().getLimits() y2Min, y2Max = plot.getYAxis('right').getLimits() plot.setLimits(xMin, xMax, yMin, yMax, y2Min, y2Max) return updated
def _setRangeConstraints(self, minRange=None, maxRange=None): raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def setRangeConstraints(self, minRange=None, maxRange=None): """ Set a constraint on the position of the axes. :param float minRange: Minimum allowed left-to-right span across the view :param float maxRange: Maximum allowed left-to-right span across the view :return: True if the constaints was updated :rtype: bool """ updated = self._setRangeConstraints(minRange, maxRange) if updated: plot = self._getPlot() xMin, xMax = plot.getXAxis().getLimits() yMin, yMax = plot.getYAxis().getLimits() y2Min, y2Max = plot.getYAxis('right').getLimits() plot.setLimits(xMin, xMax, yMin, yMax, y2Min, y2Max) return updated
class XAxis(Axis): """Axis class defining primitives for the X axis""" # TODO With some changes on the backend, it will be able to remove all this # specialised implementations (prefixel by '_internal') def getTimeZone(self): return self._getBackend().getXAxisTimeZone() def setTimeZone(self, tz): if isinstance(tz, str) and tz.upper() == "UTC": tz = dateutil.tz.tzutc() elif not(tz is None or isinstance(tz, dt.tzinfo)): raise TypeError("tz must be a dt.tzinfo object, None or 'UTC'.") self._getBackend().setXAxisTimeZone(tz) self._getPlot()._setDirtyPlot() def getTickMode(self): if self._getBackend().isXAxisTimeSeries(): return TickMode.TIME_SERIES else: return TickMode.DEFAULT def setTickMode(self, tickMode): if tickMode == TickMode.DEFAULT: self._getBackend().setXAxisTimeSeries(False) elif tickMode == TickMode.TIME_SERIES: self._getBackend().setXAxisTimeSeries(True) else: raise ValueError("Unexpected TickMode: {}".format(tickMode)) def _internalSetCurrentLabel(self, label): self._getBackend().setGraphXLabel(label) def _internalGetLimits(self): return self._getBackend().getGraphXLimits() def _internalSetLimits(self, xmin, xmax): self._getBackend().setGraphXLimits(xmin, xmax) def _internalSetLogarithmic(self, flag): self._getBackend().setXAxisLogarithmic(flag) def _setLimitsConstraints(self, minPos=None, maxPos=None): constrains = self._getPlot()._getViewConstraints() updated = constrains.update(xMin=minPos, xMax=maxPos) return updated def _setRangeConstraints(self, minRange=None, maxRange=None): constrains = self._getPlot()._getViewConstraints() updated = constrains.update(minXRange=minRange, maxXRange=maxRange) return updated class YAxis(Axis): """Axis class defining primitives for the Y axis""" # TODO With some changes on the backend, it will be able to remove all this # specialised implementations (prefixel by '_internal') def _internalSetCurrentLabel(self, label): self._getBackend().setGraphYLabel(label, axis='left') def _internalGetLimits(self): return self._getBackend().getGraphYLimits(axis='left') def _internalSetLimits(self, ymin, ymax): self._getBackend().setGraphYLimits(ymin, ymax, axis='left') def _internalSetLogarithmic(self, flag): self._getBackend().setYAxisLogarithmic(flag) def setInverted(self, flag=True): """Set the axis orientation. This is only available for the Y axis. :param bool flag: True for Y axis going from top to bottom, False for Y axis going from bottom to top """ flag = bool(flag) if self.isInverted() == flag: return self._getBackend().setYAxisInverted(flag) self._getPlot()._setDirtyPlot() self.sigInvertedChanged.emit(flag) def isInverted(self): """Return True if the axis is inverted (top to bottom for the y-axis), False otherwise. It is always False for the X axis. :rtype: bool """ return self._getBackend().isYAxisInverted() def _setLimitsConstraints(self, minPos=None, maxPos=None): constrains = self._getPlot()._getViewConstraints() updated = constrains.update(yMin=minPos, yMax=maxPos) return updated def _setRangeConstraints(self, minRange=None, maxRange=None): constrains = self._getPlot()._getViewConstraints() updated = constrains.update(minYRange=minRange, maxYRange=maxRange) return updated class YRightAxis(Axis): """Proxy axis for the secondary Y axes. It manages it own label and limit but share the some state like scale and direction with the main axis.""" # TODO With some changes on the backend, it will be able to remove all this # specialised implementations (prefixel by '_internal') def __init__(self, plot, mainAxis): """Constructor :param silx.gui.plot.PlotWidget.PlotWidget plot: Parent plot of this axis :param Axis mainAxis: Axis which sharing state with this axis """ Axis.__init__(self, plot) self.__mainAxis = mainAxis self.__mainAxis.sigInvertedChanged.connect(self.sigInvertedChanged.emit) self.__mainAxis.sigScaleChanged.connect(self.sigScaleChanged.emit) self.__mainAxis._sigLogarithmicChanged.connect(self._sigLogarithmicChanged.emit) self.__mainAxis.sigAutoScaleChanged.connect(self.sigAutoScaleChanged.emit) def _internalSetCurrentLabel(self, label): self._getBackend().setGraphYLabel(label, axis='right') def _internalGetLimits(self): return self._getBackend().getGraphYLimits(axis='right') def _internalSetLimits(self, ymin, ymax): self._getBackend().setGraphYLimits(ymin, ymax, axis='right') def setInverted(self, flag=True): """Set the Y axis orientation. :param bool flag: True for Y axis going from top to bottom, False for Y axis going from bottom to top """ return self.__mainAxis.setInverted(flag) def isInverted(self): """Return True if Y axis goes from top to bottom, False otherwise.""" return self.__mainAxis.isInverted() def getScale(self): """Return the name of the scale used by this axis. :rtype: str """ return self.__mainAxis.getScale() def setScale(self, scale): """Set the scale to be used by this axis. :param str scale: Name of the scale ("log", or "linear") """ self.__mainAxis.setScale(scale) def _isLogarithmic(self): """Return True if Y axis scale is logarithmic, False if linear.""" return self.__mainAxis._isLogarithmic() def _setLogarithmic(self, flag): """Set the Y axes scale (either linear or logarithmic). :param bool flag: True to use a logarithmic scale, False for linear. """ return self.__mainAxis._setLogarithmic(flag) def isAutoScale(self): """Return True if Y axes are automatically adjusting its limits.""" return self.__mainAxis.isAutoScale() def setAutoScale(self, flag=True): """Set the Y axis limits adjusting behavior of :meth:`PlotWidget.resetZoom`. :param bool flag: True to resize limits automatically, False to disable it. """ return self.__mainAxis.setAutoScale(flag)